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Proofs from the Authentic Sunnah

كتاب الحجاب باللغة الإنجليزية

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Proofs from the Authentic Sunnah



First Proof:

Aishah said: “May Allah bestow His Mercy on the early emigrant women when Allah I revealed, which meaning of is translated as:

“and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)’ (24:31) ¾ they tore their Muruts ( a woolen dress, or a waist -binding cloth or an apron, etc.) and covered their faces with those torn Muruts.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari). Safiya bint Shaiba narrated that “Aishahا used to say: “When the verse: `They should cover (draw their veils over) their bodies, faces, necks, and bosoms (24:31)’ was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their heads and faces with those cut pieces of cloth.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Abu Dawud). The above quoted authentic AHadith actually tell us how Muslim women at the time of the Prophet r obeyed Allah I and subsequently implemented the obligation of Hijab. If this verse has a different meaning to it, then the Prophet r or at least Aishah (one of the Mothers of the Believers) would have informed or corrected them of the real interpretation of Hijab.

Second Proof:

The Prophet r said, which meaning of is translated as: “The woman is awrah (private part, one who is forbidden to be exposed).” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi and said it is an authentic Hadith). Sheikh Hamoud At-Towaigry said “This Hadith proves that all parts of the woman’s body is ‘awrah’ (private, not to be seen or exposed) to men who are not ‘mahram’ to her, this includes her face and every part of her body”. It was reported that Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal said “ the woman’s nail is ‘awrah’ and when she leaves her home, she must not expose any part of her body, not even her shoes, because the shoes describe the feet, and I also prefer that she put a button on her sleeve at her hand, so that no part of her body will be seen by others.” Sheikh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiah said “Imam Ahmed said ‘Every part of the woman is an awrah even her finger nails.’” Sheikh Al-Islam also said “ this is also the choice (what Imam Ahmed said) of Imam Malik.”

Third Proof:

Narrated Ibn Umar Allah’s Messenger r said, which meaning of is translated as: “A woman who is on the state of Ihram (during Hajj or Umrah) must not wear a niqab (covering the face except the eyes) or gloves.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari, Malik, At-Tirmidhi, Abu-Dawud, and Ahmed). Abu Baker bin Al-Arabi said “ In the Hadith of Ibn Umar, when the Prophet r said ‘the woman must not wear niqab’ that is because covering the woman’s face is obligatory on every woman who is not elderly except in Hajj (and when praying where no man who is not her mahram sees her)”.

Fourth Proof:

'Aishah said: "Men on camels used to pass by us while we were with the Prophet r and in the state of ihram. We would cover our faces with our gowns when they passed by us, and then uncover them again.” (Reported by Abu-Dawud and Ibn Majah) 'Ata, Malik, AthThawri, Ash-Shafi'i, Ahmad, and Is’haq hold that it is permissible for women to cover their faces in the state of ihram. (Fiqh us Sunnah 5.49). From the mentioned two Hadiths it is very clear that during Hajj the woman should draw part of her ‘khimar’ (piece of clothes) over her head and face so as to avoid being seen by men who are not her mahram. Also Sheikh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiah said: “This is a proof that niqab and gloves were known to women who were not on the state of Ihram which requires covering their faces and hands”. And he also said: “There are two opinions in the school of thought of Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal regarding the woman’s face while she is on the state of Ihram: the first one it is like the man’s head (while on the state of Ihram) it must not be covered, the second, the woman’s face is like the man’s body (while on the state of Ihram, the man must cover his body but he cannot wear any clothes that fits on. In other words clothes that have been sewed to fit on the body parts like pants, shirt, etc.) where it cannot be covered with ‘niqab’ which was made to fit the body, this opinion (the second one) is the correct one because the Prophet r made the ‘niqab’ and the gloves forbidden and women used to draw on their faces with something that covers the face and hands (while on the state of Ihram) but without wearing a piece of cloth that fits on the part of the body, as it is the same for men (during Ihram) they cannot wear pants (or any piece of cloth that fits on)”. Ibn Al-Qaim said: “When the Prophet r made it forbidden on women to wear ‘niqab” and gloves in Hadith narrated by Ibn Umar, it is a proof that the woman’s face is like the man’s body (during Ihram) not the same as the man’s head (during Ihram). Therefore, it is forbidden on women to wear anything that was made to fit on the face such as ‘niqab’ whereas on the other hand it is not forbidden on her to cover her face with a ‘Jilbab’ (veil) or something alike. It has not been reported that the Prophet r had said even one letter regarding the obligation of exposing the woman’s face during Ihram”. He also said “ How can it be forbidden on the woman to cover her face and at the same time she was commanded by Allah that she must draw her ‘Jilbab’ (veil), so how will she not be known?”. Ibn Hajar reported in ‘Fatah Al-Bari’ that Ibn Al-Munther said “They (the scholars) agreed that the woman during ‘Ihram’ can wear sewn (stitched) clothes and shoes, and she covers her head and her hair except her face she must draw a piece of cloth over it to cover it from non-mahram.

Fifth Proof:

Narrated Ibn Umar Allah’s Messenger r said, which meaning of is translated as: “On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not look at the one who trails his loincloth out of arrogance’ Umm Salamah asked: what should women do with the hem of their clothes? He r said: “They may lower them a hand’s span.” she said: “But their feet would still remain exposed.” He r said “Let them lower those equal to an arm’s length but not more than that.” (Reported by Abu-Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasai, and Imam Ahmed, and At-Tirmidhi said this Hadith is authentic). Imam At-Tirmidhi said: “In this Hadith, there is a permission for women to trail their clothes so they will be covered.” And Imam Al-Baihaqi said: “This Hadith is a proof for the obligation of covering the woman’s feet.” Sheikh Mohammad bin Saleh Bin Uthaimeen said “In this Hadith, there is a proof that the women are obligated to cover their feet and this ruling is known to the companions’ wives. The foot is less attractive than the face and hands without any doubt. This Wise Faith (Islam) rejects to obligate covering what is less attractive(the feet) and permit exposing what is more attractive(the face).” Aishah said: “ The Camel Riders during Hajj) used to pass us while we were on the state of Ihram with the Messenger of Allah r and when they were parallel to us, each one of us (women) would lower down her Jilbab (veil) over her face, and when they pass us she would uncover her face” (Reported by Ahmed, Abu-Dawud, and Ibn Majah). Sheikh Mohammad bin Saleh Bin Uthaimeen said regarding this Hadith “ The saying of Aishah (when they are parallel to us, each one of us would lower down her Jilbab over her face) is a proof of the obligation of covering the woman’s face”. Also, when she said “ One of us” this means anyone of the women who were with them and not for the Prophet’s wives only. With all the above proofs from the Qur’an and the authentic Ahadith, we can therefore conclude that indeed, Muslim women are obligated to cover their faces and hands. This is because Islam enjoins men and women to guard their modesty for their eternal success. Allah I says, which meaning of is translated as: “Successful indeed are the Believers. Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness. And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allah has forbidden). And those who pay the Zakat. And those who guard their chastity (i.e. privet parts, from illegal sexual acts). Except from their wives or (the slaves) that their right hands possess, - for then, they are free from blame; But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors; Those who are faithfully true to their Amanat ( all the duties which Allah has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trust) and to their covenants; And those who strictly guard their ( five compulsory congregational) Salawat (prayers) (at their fixed stated hours). These are indeed the inheritors Who shall inherit the Firdaus (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever.” (Qur'an, 23:1-11).



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